Write 11 page essay on the topic The Arab-Israeli War: Did it Achieve the Political Objectives for Egypt.
Download file to see previous pages…
The Arab-Israeli war, which began in 1973, was just one of several conflicts that were waged during a period of years. The most important things to remember was that this was a period where there was intense conflict between the Israeli state and the Arabs who more or less wanted the demise of Israel. Israel had become a state in 1948, and had to live without a peaceful accord with the Arabs who were already on the land. What preceded this particular conflict was a war in 1967 that emboldened the Israelis. This war resulted in a rout from the Israelis, and also resulted in the Israelis taking land that they previously didn’t have, effectively expanding the Jewish state in Israel by threefold. This, in the eyes of the Arabs, emboldened Israel to the point where Israel felt that she was invincible. The Arabs saw Israel as being a true bully- like a bully in a neighborhood, Israel felt that she was operating from a position of power, and, therefore, Israel would feel that whatever she wanted, she could get. Therefore, Israel was intractable and would not be amenable to any kind of negotiated settlement with the Arab states. This mentality had to change, and Egyptian Anwar Sadat felt that he would be the one who could change it. And the war did change this, so, in this way, the political objectives were met.
To understand how and why the Arab-Israeli war was waged in 1973, one must understand that he conflict began not in 1973, but, rather, in 1967. 1967 was the year that there was another Arab-Israel war, one that was decisively won by the Israelis. This war was in June, and, as Weinland (1978) noted, the Arabs immediately started to prepare for their next war after the 1967 war had ended. They were assisted by the Soviet Union in this endeavor. The stages to prepare for the 1973 conflict consisted of three stages – rebuilding the Arab military capabilities, negating the Israeli offensive advantage, and making ready for the ensuing attack.1 The Arab-Israeli War of October 1973 lasted for three weeks of intense combat.2 This war began with a surprise attack, with the Israelis receiving only a last-minute strategic warning prior to the outbreak of the war, and there were more surprises to come. There were surprises in the technological, operational and tactical areas of the war. The war was led by Egypt, which crossed the Suez Canal into Israel far quicker than they could have ever anticipated. The Arabs stood and fought, and did not retreat as they had before in the six day war of 1967. The United States, an ally of Israel, was soon involved, however, and the United States was able to make up for the Israeli losses in tanks and aircrafts, while furnishing countermeasures to help out the Israelis in this war.3 .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Arab Israel 1973 war might have been short, but it was also bloody. There were heavy casualities on both sides, and there was vast quantities of military material which was lost during this short, but bloody, conflict.4 . At first, the Egyptian military strike was successful – Anwar Sadat, the President of Egypt, had secured diplomacy with other countries to help in the fight, while choking off oil to Israel. Furthermore, Sadat had provoked Israel twice to mobilize troops, only to back off, thus giving Israel a false sense of security.  .When the October attack came, Israel did not mobilized her resources, having been tricked twice before by Sadat.