Research Proposal

Paper details:
Research Topic Proposal and Annotated Bibliography.
Subheading for Research Topic Proposal, then Subheading for Annotated Bibliography.
a. Submit a complete topic proposal including each element requested;
b. Provide a social-science based research question rather than just a topic;
c. Accurately define at least 2 key terms;
d. Explain why your research question is important;
e. Select articles that relate well to your question;
f. Choose primarily research articles (no opinion pieces, book reviews, conference papers, etc.);
g. Include at least two major journals from the Top Journals List.

The paper

Topic Proposal

This project seeks to analyze the relationship between women empowerment and collective society development including the social, economic, political, and cultural aspects of contemporary society. Notably, the project aims at answering the question: How does promotion of gender parity specifically women empowerment impact society regarding development and growth?

Apparently, the ration of women to men is roughly 49% to 51% which implies that neglecting the female gender translates to handicapping half of the society their much-needed contribution in developing all aspects of the society to the maximum possible extent. In fact, a closer review of the correlation between the Gender Index Gap Index and the Human Development Index reveals a reciprocal relationship. Hence, women empowerment and promotion of equal rights stands out as the leading cause actions that a country can implement to promote optimal efficiency in development.



Alexander, A.C., Bolzendahl, C. and Jalalzai, F., 2016. Defining Women’s Global Political            Empowerment: Theories and Evidence. Sociology Compass10(6): 432-441. 

This article examines the relationship effect of women empowerment in the political realm. The authors identify gaps in women’s access to political power and how it is limiting society to achieve their full potential extent of development. Additionally, Alexander, Bolzendahl, and Jalalzai explain the gaps using sociology theories while proposing steps to enhance political empowerment as a transformative agenda.

Doepke, M. and Tertilt, M., 2014. Does female empowerment promote economic   development? (No. w19888). National Bureau of Economic Research. 

Doepke and Tertilt answers the question whether empowering women promotes economic development through an empirical research approach. Their research follows a non-cooperative model that relates. They conclude that actual empowerment of women is beneficial to the economy, but handouts unaccompanied by gender parity promotion has a counterproductive effect.

Gates, M.F., 2014. Putting women and girls at the center of development. Science345(6202):  1273-1275. 

The article explores how gender inequality has caused third world countries to lag behind regarding development. The author reviews Gates Foundation records regarding gender parity and development to provide a well-based argument on the relationship between women empowerment and development. Although, the article focuses on third world countries it offers excellent insight regarding the research topic.

Mosedale, S., 2014. Women’s empowerment as a development goal: taking a feminist standpoint. Journal of International Development26(8):1115-1125. 

The author analyzes international non-governmental organizations to point out contractions and tensions that emerge when they try to empower women. Notably, Mosedale acknowledges that the positive impacts of empowerment are evident, but the mystification process serves as a major obstruct. As such, the author explains how a feminist standpoint can solve the mystification problem.

Stromquist, N.P., 2015. Women’s Empowerment and Education: linking knowledge to transformative action. European Journal of Education50(3):307-324. 

Stromquist examines women empowerment concept as a foundational aspect of the theory if social change. The article analyzes the key dimensions of empowerment using empirical evidence to link gender parity promotion to society development. However, the author acknowledges that achieving optimal empowerment is relatively challenging since it requires collective action from all the institutional players in a country.





Prof. Angela


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