Need Help With My Writing Homework On Accounting Questions Write A 500 Word Pape

Need help with my writing homework on Accounting questions. Write a 500 word paper answering; Accounting questions A The need for closing temporary accounts and journal entries for closing supplies expense account The main reason why temporary accounts are closed at the end of an accounting period is because the accounts relates to investment transactions in the particular periods and needs to reflected in the income statements of the specific periods in which the transactions occurred as provided for by the accruals concept.

Journal entry (extract for expense account)

Particulars

Debit

credit

Supplies

Cash

To record cash expenditure on supplies

xxx

xxx

2.

How to construct an unadjusted trial balance and example of debit credit rule

An unadjusted trial balance is constructed from the closing balances of all accounts in an accounting period. The balances are correspondingly transferred to either the debit or the credit side of the trial balance.

An example of the debit credit rule that is applicable to the development of a trial balance is the requirement that the sum of the debit entries be equal to the sum the credit entries.

3.

Smart hiring and internal control

Internal controls aims at ensuring quality and minimum standards in accounting processes. This includes ensuring legal and ethical competence among accounting staff. Smart hiring processes that ensures recruitment of the desired qualities of employees therefore facilitates the purpose of internal controls.

Implementation

The control through smart hiring can be implemented by applying a wide scoped recruitment strategy followed by a well predefines selection criteria such as practice based interviews. Further training also facilitates competencies towards effective internal controls.

4.

Application of the FIFO method

Inventory valuation using the FIFO method assumes that older inventories are sold first.

Impact of FIFO on gross profit

The method varies gross profit with trend of cost of supplies. It leads to higher gross profit margin when costs of purchases are rising with time.

5.

Acid test ratio=current assets/current liabilities

The ratio is computed by dividing the sum of current assets by current liabilities

Application in ‘decision-making’

The ratio shows an organization’s capacity to meet its ‘short-term’ obligations. Lenders and suppliers therefore use it to determine an organization’s capacity to finance its debts.

B

1.

Computation of the ‘straight-line’ depreciation method

The ‘straight-line’ method is computed by determining the depreciable value that is then equally distributed to the life of the item.

Example

Since there is no final salvage value, depreciable amount = 25000-0=25000

Rate=25000/4

=$6250 per year

2.

Selling price

The bond’s selling price is $ 1000, the face value.

Recording the sale

Depending in the issuing approach, bank account is debited and issue of bonds account credited with the selling price as shown in the journal entries bellow

Journal entry (extract)

Particulars

Debit

credit

Bank

Issue of bonds

To record receipt from sale of bonds

xxx

xxx

3.

Preparation of common size financial statements

Common size statements are prepared by expressing items in a statement as a percentage of a chosen item in the statement.

Application of the statements in ‘decision-making’

The results of the statement are useful in determining desirable profit margins based on past trends in margins.

C

1.

Benefits of a corporation’s separate legal entity

The legal entity ensures continuity of the enterprise through perpetual succession and limited liabilities.

Benefits of right to vote

The right to vote is important because it is the stockholder’s tool towards management of the enterprise and it checks on the director’s managerial decisions.

2.

Cost of goods sold

=(120*9)+(180*10)

=$ 2880

3.

‘Short-term’ investments

Examples of ‘short-term’ investments include investments in securities, working capital and loan advancements. While securities involve purchase of stock of another company, investment in working capital involves plowing back of profits and loan advancement involves provision of financial services at an interest.

Reference

Wood, F. and Sangster, A. (2008). Frank Woods Business Accounting 1.

Prof. Angela

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