- Neanderthal burials from Shanidar Cave, Iraq, associated with pollen indicate:
- a. That
humans are the only way that flowers could enter a cave.
b. That burial rituals began with the Neanderthals.c. That archaeologists need to take formation processes into account when interpreting the meaning of data from ecofacts.d. That the pollen in the cave was the result of normal background pollen “rain”.
- Which of the following would a zooarchaeologist study not involve
- a. Establishing that bones are left behind by people by looking for cut marks, fragments, and burning.
- b. Identifying bones to element, taxon, sex, and age using a comparative collection.
- c. Counting the bones using NISP and MNI.
- d. Ignoring symbolic importance in interpreting the past.
- Pollen analysis is used primarily for reconstructing past regional environments.
- Although the analysis of plant remains from archaeological sites can provide important information about the economies of prehistoric populations, a drawback of plant remains is that they cannot be used to infer ritual significance or ideology.
- The links between patterns in the faunal assemblage and interpretations depends on experimental archaeology and ethnoarchaeology.
- Bioarchaeologists study:
- a. Macrobotanical remains from archaeological sites in order to interpret past interactions between human populations and plants.
- b. Faunal assemblages from archaeological sites in order to determine past interactions between human populations and animals.
- c. The human biological component of the archaeological record.
- d. All of the above; bioarchaeologists study all aspects of ancient life (plant, animal, and human) in archaeological contexts.
- How is mechanical stress, or workload, detectable in the human skeleton?
- a. Through signs of osteoarthritis in which the cartilage between joints wears away, often because of overuse of the joint.
- b. Through growth arrest features, such as Harris lines and enamel hypoplasias.
- c. Through mortality profiles that depict the various ages at death of a burial population.
- d. Through cracks in the skull caused by blunt force trauma.
- Studies of some of the skeletal data of Neanderthals have concluded:
- a. They are different from modern Europeans.
- b. There is continuity between Neanderthals and modern Europeans.
- c. Similarities with Native American populations.
- d. Modern human capabilities to use symbols.
- Human bone is formed by complex interrelationships among the environment, behavior, physiology, and cultural behavior.
- Biological anthropologists today agree that Neanderthals did not interbreed with modern humans and were instead an evolutionary dead end.
QUESTION 16ArchaeologyNameInstitution Question 5Neanderthal burials from Shanidar Cave, Iraq, associated with pollen indicate:b. That burial rituals began with the Neanderthals. QUESTION 6Which of the…