Atoms and Minerals Module
Answer each question in order, after writing the number of the question. Do not rewrite the question. You may find it convenient to work in a Word document on your computer, and then cut and paste your answers into the textbook prior to submitting.
Your submission should look something like this:
2. The crust is less dense
1.List the five defining characteristics of a mineral, found in section 3.1.
2. Maybe you own a pretty cubic zirconia. Why isn’t it considered a mineral? (outside research required)
3. Bling in the hereafter?! Check out this article, and let me know how you feel about this crazy idea.
4.Minerals are the ingredients in rocks, like chocolate chips in a cookie.
What are the three primary minerals found in granite?
5. What is the state mineral of CA? (Outside research required.) Provide a url with your answer.
6. SmartFigure 3.4 explains some optical properties of minerals. http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_0media_geo/smartfigure/sf-MineralColor.html
Can the same mineral have different colors? If yes, provide an example.
7. (Same SmartFigure) Which is more reliable, luster or color?
8. (Same SmartFigure) Which is the most reliable indicator presented in the video?
9. Let’s talk about mineral habit. SmartFigure 3.15 (http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_0media_geo/smartfigure/sf-MineralScale.html) Provide four examples of crystal habit.
10. Give a reason, presented in the same SmartFigure, of why a mineral won’t achieve ideal habit.
11. Let’s talk mineral hardness, as in smartfiture 3.16 (http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_0media_geo/smartfigure/sf-MohsScale.html). Define mineral hardness.
12. (Same Figure) According to Mohs’ scale, diamond is the hardest mineral, but I won’t be passing those out. Why won’t I?
13. Talcum powder is soft enough to put on a baby’s butt. (It’s what baby powder is made of.) What is its hardness?
Of course, Los Angeles’ Natural History Museum has a fabulous collection of gems and minerals. Check out their website to answer the following questions.
14. (same website) What is the collection’s most valuable specimen?
15. The purple diamonds in the museum’s collection are colored by different impurities. Name two impurities that can create this color.
16. Some minerals glow under UV light. What is this property called? (Outside research required)
The most important minerals in geology are called silicates. Check out SmartFigure 3.24 to answer the following questions. (http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_0media_geo/smartfigure/sf-SilicateMinerals.html)
17. What is the most common mineral (not rock) in the earth’s mantle?
18.What are the two most common elements in the earth’s crust?
19. How much of the earth’s crust is made up of silicate minerals?
20 What is the chemical formula for silica?
21. List the eight, crust forming silicates in section 3.7.
22.What makes the ferromagnesian silicates dark?
23. What are the three most common nonsilicate classes?
24. What is your favorite nonsilicate to sprinkle on food?
24. Of all the native elements listed in your textbook, which is most expensive? (outside research required)
25. Why aren’t minerals considered renewable?